What is Clinical Psychology?
The field of Clinical Psychology integrates science, theory, and practice to understand and alleviate distress and adjustment difficulties as well as to promote mental health, adjustment, and personal development. Clinical Psychology focuses on the intellectual, emotional, biological, psychological, social, and behavioral aspects of human functioning across the life span.
What do Clinical Psychologists do?
The Clinical Psychologist is educated and trained to generate and integrate scientific and professional knowledge and skills so as to further psychological science, the professional practice of psychology, and human welfare. Clinical Psychologists are involved in research, teaching and supervision, program development and evaluation, consultation, public policy, professional practice, and other activities that promote psychological health in individuals, families, groups, and organizations. Their work can include assessment, prevention, early intervention, and treatment. Clinical Psychologists work directly with individuals at all developmental levels (infants to older adults), as well as groups (couples, families, and organizations), using a wide range of assessment and intervention methods to promote mental health and to alleviate discomfort and maladjustment.
Assessment in Clinical Psychology involves determining the nature, causes, and potential effects of 1) personal distress, 2) of personal, social, and work dysfunctions and 3) the psychological factors associated with physical, behavioral, emotional, nervous, and mental disorders. Examples of assessment procedures are interviews, behavioral assessments, and the administration and interpretation of tests of current mood and functioning, personal characteristics, intellectual abilities, aptitudes, and other aspects of human experience and behaviour.
Clinical Psychology interventions are directed at prevention and treatment of emotional distress, interpersonal conflict, personality disturbances, and psychopathology, and the skill deficits underlying human distress or dysfunction. The goal of intervention is to promote adjustment, satisfaction, skill development, health and wellbeing.